Ransomware – the ever-present cyber-threat that is capable of robbing you of your most important and valuable files by encrypting them just so that the hackers who are behind such a virus can blackmail you to pay a ransom for the restoration of your personal data. The evolution of this particular category of malware is still going and new versions are popping-up every now, becoming more sophisticated, dangerous and problematic in the process. Today, we will focus our efforts towards providing you with some important and valuable information regarding one new Ransomware virus that has already accumulated a considerable number of victims with more and more users falling prey to this insidious virus each day. Its name is .Ramba Virus and here you will be able to learn what makes infections like this so devastating, what methods are typically used to spread such viruses and what options you have in case your machine has already gotten infiltrated by it.
The Ransomware threat
Nowadays, this is truly one of the most dreaded and commonly encountered forms of malware. There are actually two main different subgroups of Ransomware: screen-lockers and cryptoviruses. The first subtype is infamous for its use of a big, screen-wide banner that gets superimposed over the desktop of the infected machine preventing the user from interacting with their computer. As long as the banner stays, nothing behind it can be reached – the icons, folders, programs, the Start Menu and even the Task Manager would all be hidden behind it meaning that the user wouldn’t be able to reach them. Naturally, a ransom payment is demanded from the victim if they wish to be once again able to use their PC. However, this is actually the less dangerous Ransomware category – there are certain relatively effective methods of handling such an infection and also it is important to note that as soon as the malware gets gotten eliminated, the banner should typically go away as well. Sadly, the same thing cannot be said about the other subcategory of Ransomware – the infamous cryptoviruses. Unlike the screen-lockers, the cryptoviruses typically targeted the personal files of the user.
In most cases, the virus would carry out an initial scan of the drives of the infected machine and locate all data files that belong to certain file formats – typically ones that are commonly used by most people (text documents, audio and video files, image files, databases, spreadsheets, etc.). Once all such files have been accounted for by the virus, the malware would go on to encrypt them using a sophisticated algorithm. This would render the files inaccessible to the user and the only way to break the encryption is typically a key that only the hacker possesses. As we said, unlike the screen-locker Ransomware type, when a cryptovirus locks your files, its encryption typically remains on them even if the infection itself is removed from the computer. Unfortunately, .Ramba belongs to the cryptovirus subcategory of Ransomware and since it is a recently released piece of malware, it is safe to assume that it is likely quite advanced meaning that recovering your files from such an attack might not always be possible.
Most users who find themselves in such a situation might be tempted to go directly for the ransom payment option without taking their time to assess what other alternatives there might be. This is a mistake that you shouldn’t make – even if you directly pay the money following the hacker’s instructions, there’s no guarantee whatsoever that your files will get restored. The hacker might simply decide to refuse to send you the decryption key leaving you with your data inaccessible and your money wasted for nothing. Of course, if you absolutely need those files back, you can take the risk and hope for the best. However, what we’d advise our readers is to seek alternative options. For instance, the .Ramba removal guide below as well as the suggested anti-malware tool on this page might help you eliminate the virus and then you can try using the instructions from the guide’s file-recovery section in order to restore some of your data. We can’t promise that dong this would yield satisfying results yet it’s still certainly worth the try, especially considering what the alternative is.
Staying safe from such infections is essential. Note that it’s really difficult to spot a Ransomware infection and most users never really realize what has happened to their computer until the ransom-demanding note pops-up on their screen. With everything mentioned so far in mind, it should be obvious that the only certain way to save your data files from infections like .Ramba Ransomware is to keep such malware viruses as far away from your system as possible. In order to do that, we advise you to always stay vigilant when browsing the Internet – do not interact with anything that looks like a threat or that might not be reliable. Spam Facebook and e-mail messages, pirated downloads and fake web-ads are the most typical sources of viruses such as .Ramba so be sure to avoid them when exploring the online world.
|Danger Level||High (Ransomware is by far the worst threat you can encounter)|
|Symptoms||Most Ransomware infections lack any visible symptoms.|
|Distribution Method||Malicious online ads, banners and requests, spam messages, illegal and/or pirated software, etc.|
Remove .Ramba Virus Ransomware
Note: Before you go any further, we advise you to bookmark this page or have it open on a separate device such as your smartphone or another PC. Some of the steps might require you to exit your browser on this PC.
2: Task Manager
Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc to enter the Task Manager. Go to the Tab labeled Processes (Details for Win 8/10). Carefully look through the list of processes that are currently active on you PC.
If any of them seems shady, consumes too much RAM/CPU or has some strange description or no description at all, right-click on it, select Open File Location and delete everything there.
Also, even if you do not delete the files, be sure to stop the process by right-clicking on it and selecting End Process.
3: The Hosts file
Go to c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts. Open the hosts file with notepad.
Find where it says Localhost and take a look below that.
If you see any IP addresses there (below Localhost) send them to us here, in the comments since they might be coming from the virus.
To remove parasite on your own, you may have to meddle with system files and registries. If you were to do this, you need to be extremely careful, because you may damage your system.
If you want to avoid the risk, we recommend downloading SpyHunter - a professional malware removal tool - to see whether it will find malicious programs on your PC.
4: Disable Startup programs
Re-open the Start Menu and type msconfig.
Click on the first search result. In the next window, go to the Startup tab. If you are on Win 10, it will send you to the Startup part of the task manager instead, as in the picture:
If you see any sketchy/shady looking entries in the list with an unknown manufacturer or a manufacturer name that looks suspicious , disable those programs and select OK.
5: Registry Editor
Press Windows key + R and in the resulting window type regedit.
Now, press Ctrl + F and type the name of the virus.
Delete everything that gets found. If you are not sure about whether to delete something, do not hesitate to ask us in the comments. Keep in mind that if you delete the wrong thing, you might cause all sorts of issues to your PC.
6: Deleting potentially malicious data
Type each of the following locations in the Windows search box and hit enter to open the locations:
Delete everything you see in Temp linked to .Ramba Ransomware. About the other folders, sort their contents by date and delete only the most recent entries. As always, if you are not sure about something, write to us in the comment section.
The previous steps were all aimed at removing the .Ramba Ransomware from your PC. However, in order to regain access to your files, you will also need to decrypt them or restore them. For that, we have a separate article with detailed instructions on what you have to do in order to unlock your data. Here is a link to that guide.
Daniel Sadakov has a degree in Information Technology and specializes in web and mobile cyber security. He harbors a strong detestation for anything and everything malicious and has committed his resources and time to battling all manners of web and mobile threats. He has founded MobileSecurityZone.com, a website dedicated to covering the top tech stories and providing useful tips for the everyday user, in an effort to reach and help more people.